Tenzin Gyatso- the 14th Dalai Lama in Himachal Pradesh


Tenzin Gyato is the present Dalai Lama who lives in Dharamshala town of Himachal Pradesh. In this article, it is mentioned about the Biography and Early Life of 14th Dalai Lama. Also, the Teaching activities and awards achieved by him is given here. Hope this article will be helpful to you!

Biography of Tenzin Gyatso- the 14th Dalai Lama


The religious name 14th Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso who was born on 6th of July 1935. He is the current Dalai Lama. This name of him is shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso and when born was Lhamo Dondrub. Dalai Lamas are the most respectful persons in the religion of Tibetan Buddhism. In the year 1989, Nobel Peace Prize to Dalai Lama was awarded for his contribution to bring peace in the world.

The Dalai Lama was born in Taktser, Qinghai and after 2 years he was believed to be the rebirth of 13th Dalai Lama. But, originally he was declared the 14th Dalai Lama in 17 November 1950. At this stage he was only 15 years old. In the year 1959, the China regards the uprising power of feudal system of landlords. At this time, the Dalai Lama deannounced the existence of People's Republic and made a Tibetan government in exile. Then after, he travelled the whole world to spread the knowledge of Tibetan and teaching Buddhism. He started many institutions during this journey. Currently, the 14th Dalai Lama in Dharamshala of Himachal Pradesht is the considered the living palace of Dalai Lama. Every, year thousands of people come to Himachal Pradesh to get the blessings of 14th Dalai Lama.


Early Life of 14th Dalai Lama


Lhamo Döndrub was born to a horse trading and farming family in Taktser which is in the eastern part of Tibetan region of Amdo. Thondup was given many toys and relics of 13th Dalai Lama. It was noticed that he correctly recognized the belongings of 13th Dalai Lama. Dalai LamaA Chinese Muslim General named Ma Bufang did not want Thondup to become the 14th Dalai Lama. He told his men to keep to boy in House arrest. General explained that he just kept the Dalai Lama under protection. After some years, Lhamo was renamed Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso who was declared as the 14th Dalai Lama then. His devotees were used to call him as His Holiness the Dalai Lama.

He received his early education from Yongdzin Ling Rinpoche and Yongdzin Trijang Rinpoche . When he was 11 years old he met an Australian mountaineer whos name was Heinrich Hareer. He became the videographer and tutor of Dalai Lama who taught him about the world outside the Lhasa. During the age of 23 he took his first examination at the Lhasa's Jokhang Temple in the annual Monlam.


Exile of Dalai Lama to India


At the 1959 Tibetan uprising outset, fearing for the life of Dalai Lama, he moved into India on 30th of March 1959. In India, they reached Tezpur in Assam on 18 April. After some time, Lama made the Government of Tibet in Exile in Dharamshala, India. This place is often referred to the little Lhasa. Approximately 80,000 Tibetans followed him here. He established Tibetan educational system to teach the culture of Tibetan to children. He taught about the language, history, religion and culture of Tibetan Buddhism. Then the Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies was introduced for primary study of Tibetan in India.

Dalai Lama also appealed the UN to conserve the rights of Tibetans. This resulted in adopting three resolutions by General Assembly in 1959, 1961 and 1965. Also in the year 1963, he promulgated an idea of making democratic constitution which was based on Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In this, he created an elected parliament and an administration to promote Tibetan culture. In 1970, he opened a library in Dharamshala which was named Library of Tibetan Works and Archives. The actual home of Dalai Lama is in McLeodganj in Himachal Pradesh which is in the Upper part of Dharamshala. In this library, nearly 80,000 manuscripts and books related to Tibetan and Buddhism were kept. This Library have the resources related to Tibetan history, politics and culture. Thus, this Library is considered as one of the most important Tibetology in the whole world.


Teaching activities by Dalai Lama


Dalai Lama has taught thousands of his devotees. Also, he is the author of many books including books based on the topic Dzogchen, which is a practice in which he is involved. In the year 2007, in the month of February Lama was named as the Presidential Distinguised Professer at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. This was his first time when he accepted a university appointment. April 2008 was the time when Dalai Lama gave lectures at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and also at Colgate Univercity in New York. After some time, in the month of July he gave a public speech at Lehigh University.


Awards and honours to Dalai Lama


Dalai Lama has received several awards for his fantastic work in spreading peace in the world. Also, his teachings and books has spresded the importance of Tibetan Culture. Nobel Peace Prize to Dalai Lama was also awarded in the year 1979.

    These are the awards won by Dalai Lama:-
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree from University of Arkansas on May 11th, 2011.
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree from Southern Methodist University on May 9, 2011
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree of Laws from Miami University on 21 October 2010
  • International Freedom Conductor Award in Cincinnati, Ohio on 20 October 2010
  • Lantos Human Rights Prize on 6 October 2009
  • Honorary citizenship of Memphis, Tennessee on 23 September 2009
  • Ján Langoš Human Rights award in Bratislava, Slovakia on 9 September 2009
  • Honorary citizenship of Paris on 7 June 2009
  • German Media Prize Berlin on 10 February 2009
  • Honorary citizenship of Italy in Venice on 10 February 2009
  • Honorary citizenship of Rome on 9 February 2009
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree from Jagiellonian University on 8 December 2008
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree of Philosophy from the London Metropolitan University on 21 May 2008[13]
  • Honorary citizenship of Paris,[14] voted 21 April 2008, the same day as Hu Jia
  • Honorary Doctorate in chemistry and pharmacy from University of Münster on 20 September 2007
  • Honorary Doctorate from Southern Cross University on 8 June 2007
  • Honorary citizenship of Ukraine, during the anniversary of the Nobel Prize on 9 December 2006 in Mc Leod Ganj.
  • United States Congressional Gold Medal on 27 September 2006
  • Key to New York City from Mayor Bloomberg on 25 September 2005
  • Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Rutgers University on 25 September 2005
  • Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Nova Southeastern University on 18 September 2004
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree of Philosophy from University of Tartu, Estonia on 27 May 2005
  • Jaime Brunet Prize for Human Rights on 9 October 2003
  • International League for Human Rights Award on 19 September 2003
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree from University of San Francisco on 5 September 2003
  • Honorary Doctoral Degree on Lusíada University in Porto,Portugal on 26 November 2001
  • Life Achievement Award from Hadassah Women's Zionist Organization on 24 November 1999
  • Berkeley Medal from University of California, Berkeley, on 20 April 1994
  • Wallenberg Medal from the University of Michigan in April 1994.
  • Legum Doctor from the University of St Andrews in 1993
  • Peace and Unity Awards from the National Peace conference on 23 August 1991
  • Earth Prize from the United Earth and U.N. Environmental Program on 5 June 1991
  • Advancing Human Liberty from the Freedom House on 17 April 1991
  • Le Prix de la Memoire from the Fondation Danielle Mitterrand on 4 December 1989
  • Raoul Wallenberg Human Rights Award (or Raoul Wallenberg Congressional Human Rights Award) from the Congressional Human Rights Caucus on 21 July 1989
  • Key to Los Angeles from Mayor Bradley in September 1979
  • Key to San Francisco from Mayor Feinstein on 27 September 1979


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