Knowledge about AIDS


AIDS- Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS was first detected in USA in 1981 and in India first confirmed evidence of AIDS infection came in April 1986 for Tamil Nadu. This is caused by retrovirus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In this article we study about AIDS, its transmission, symptoms and prevention & Control.

AIDS Stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS virus attack White Blood Cells (WBC)of human beings and weakens the human body immunity or self- defence mechanism. Since AIDS virus reduces the natural immunity of the human body, therefore, the patient suffering from AIDS become prone to many other infections or disease. In fact, the patients suffering from AIDS die from other infections called secondary infections which attack the AIDS patients body having a very weak level of immunity. Death occours because the patients body cannot resist the attack of pathogens of secondary infection since patients defence mechanism has been destroyed by the AIDS virus.

TRANSMISSION
1. The AIDS disease spread usually through unprotected (without the use of condom)sexual contact with an infected person carrying AIDS vius.
2. the AIDS disease also spreads through the use of infected needlese for injections.
3. the AIDS diesease also spread through the transfusion of blood contaminated with AIDS virus.
4.the AIDS infected mother can transmit the virus to her child during pregnency or during birth.

SYMPTOMS
Some important symptoms of AIDS are following: Swollen lymph nodes, regular fever, sweating at night weight loss. AIDS virus causes severe demage t brain and may lead to loss of memory.

PREVENTION AND CONTROL
Once a person gets AIDS, he is sure to die in a short spen of time. The following steps may help in controlling infection of this dreaded disease:
1. People should be educated about AIDS transmission.
2. Disposable syringes and needles should be used for injection.
3. Sexual contact with unknown people should be avoided.
4. High risk groups should refrain from donating blood.
5. Before receiving blood for tranfusion, one should ensure that it has been screened for HIV.


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