History and Origin of Kullu District
It is believed that it was one of the oldest ancient states after kangra or Kashmir. Chinese Pilgrims said that before independence Kullu was basically known as Kiu-lu situated in the Northern Himalayans. It is also believed that this place was firstly found in the first century of Christ era. They are so many kings in this district which ruled the state for long time the last king of Kullu was Raja Jagat Singh in the 17th century.
History of Kullu District also suggests the origin of its name. It says that Kullu derives its name from `Kalut` which was a tribe in the upper valley of River Beas, as mentioned by Barahmir in Barihat Sahinta. There are other evidences in history and literature that confirm that the name of this part was `Kalut` and the letter `T` was eventually dropped from the name with the passage of time. Thus, this place got its present name Kullu.
Kullu is a district in Himachal Pradesh, India. The district stretches from the village of Rampur in the south to the Rohtang Pass in the North.
The largest valley in the district is called the Kullu Valley, which is also known as the Valley of the Gods. There is also a town called Kullu which sits on the banks of the Beas River in the central part of the valley. Another important valley in the district is the Lug valley where the main forest contractors have been extracting timber from the forests for the last 150 years and continue to do so today. Farther north lies the town of Manali.
The ancient seat of the kings of Kullu was at Naggar Castle, about 12 km north of the present town, and thought to have been built in the early 17th century by Raja Sidh Sing. Raja Jagat Singh (1637–72) moved the capital in the middle of the 17th century to its present position, and called it Sultanpur. The Royal compound consists of the "Rupi Palace, several temples, and a long narrow bazaar descending the hill."
The British took all of Kangra and Kullu from the Sikhs in 1846. It is still used as home by the royal descendants, but the more ancient Naggar Castle was sold to the British.
Climate of Kullu
Kullu is at an appreciable height thus winters (between December and March) are cold and forbidding. During this time, snowfall and even dense frost can sometimes occur. Peak summers (from April to September) are mild to warm with maximum temperatures touching around 38 degrees Celsius. The valley experiences rainfall from time to time too – the annual average being 80 centimetres.
Tourist Spots of Kullu
Kullu is greatly admired for its amiable natives, quaint charm, awe-inspiring locales, snow-covered mountains, and of course the exquisite water bodies it encompasses - not least the famous river Beas.
Tourists can revel in a range of fun-filled winter activities as also many summer adventure pursuits like hiking, fishing, and river rafting – the latter especially along the tumultuous Beas rapids.
Manali, the capital, is at the forefront of tourist popularity, what with its scenic location and effervescent vibe.
Kullu Town, the administrate headquarters, is also famous especially for hosting the annual Dussehra festival when innumerable devotees pay respects to Raghunathjee, the district's presiding deity.
The Kullu district possesses other prominent temples like the Gauri Shankar Temple, the Murli Dhar Krishna Temple, and the shrine of Tripura Sundri Deviji; these temples collectively celebrate several fairs and festivals.
Places like Jagatsukh, Nehru Kund, Vashistha, Manikaran (for hot mineral springs), Arjun Gufa, Naggar, and – of course – the redoubtable Rohtang Pass are other frequented spots. Besides the above, Kullu is chiefly renowned for its scrumptious apples as also for its indigenous music, dance, art, and craft
Sub divisions in Kullu: Kullu, Anni, Banjar and Manali.
Tehsils in Kullu: Kullu, Nirmand, Banjar, Manali and Anni.
Sub-Tehsils in Kullu: Sainj
How to Reach Kullu
By Air: Kullu's Bhuntar airport (adjoining the bust station) is the gateway for many a tourist and visitor arriving by air – flights fly to and from important cities like Delhi, Chandigarh, and Shimla. Gaggal airport (near Kangra) too is an alternative, some 200 kms away on the Pathankot-Kullu route.
By Rail: As there is no direct rail link, visitors may opt for Joginder Nagar (120 kms away), Kiratpur (200 kms away), or Una train stations (roughly 260 kms) from Kullu.
By road: Kullu is located on National Highway-21 and has excellent road linkage with all noted town and cities in the neighbouring regions. Standard and air-conditioned buses, run by both the state carrier and private enterprises, are the preeminent means of travel. Taxis are also available to get to the district, albeit for a higher fare.